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WhitesSwim in Racial Preference

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Inthe article titled WhitesSwim in Racial Preference, TimWise depicts the looming cases of racism and segregation in theUnited States (2003). Racial preference and segregation have been inexistence since time immemorial. Justice and equality seemed elusivefor non-Whites. Blacks, in particular, were put into exile and livedin poverty in a land of material affluence.

Racismis a term that has been a political slogan but lacked analyticalrigor (Phillips, 2011). Racism depended on anti-black outlooks ofinferiority despite the whites not discriminating against blacks.Racial discrimination is a dreadful plague that repudiates thethought of being eliminated from the American nation (Phillips,2011). Technically, racism is when people of color are deniedsomething or forced to do something against their will. Racialdiscrimination can mean different things to many people. Nonetheless,the meaning of racism solely depends on the race that one has and hasbeen accustomed with. Racial discrimination encompasses sanctionbetween racial groups, verbal or physical attacks and unequalopportunities given to people of different race. Most often thesubject of the racial discrimination transpires in opposition toBlacks.

Inthe United States, the existence of racism has resulted from thesustained social caste system and was further continued by racialsegregation and slavery. The law that imposed the caste system haslong been gone yet its basic foundation still remains. Thisfoundation may slowly disintegrate as the years would pass, howeveractivism is still needed to accelerate the progression and offer fora more unbiased social order in the interim.

Thenegative effects of racism have played a critical role in thecontinuing pattern of racial and ethnic inequality in the UnitedStates. Racism has been too great on students of color who come fromlow-income families. This simply explains the fact that access to keyeducational resources is well deserved only by those who are notaffected by racial and ethnic discrimination. Unfortunately, thosewho are economically disadvantaged are being deprived by thisso-called quality education. With this, the impact of inequality ineducation among students and our population becomes apparent. Thesmaller the resources an individual has, the opportunity for him todeserve quality education becomes lesser. Because of racism, therestill exists inequality in education and employment opportunities.The lack of funding for urban schools implies that only very limitededucational resources can be offered to them. United States have gonethrough desegregation or the process of ending racism. White familieshave greater net worth compared to the Black families (Wise, 2003).Further, the Whites are expected to obtain an inheritance between $7and $10 trillion. Because of this, the socio-economic inequality, thedisadvantages have become so great for people of color. Thisinequality has strengthened poor educational success as well as lowacademic self-concept for the minority groups (Phillips, 2011).

UnitedStates have gone through desegregation or the process of endingracism. President Bush, for one, states that the school’s policiesare best examples of unfair racial preference (Wise, 2003). Despitethe many attempts to eradicate racism and segregation, equality anddiscrimination issues have not ended. White supremacy will prevailand racism will persist despite the absence of racists. It isingrained in the American psyche. For problems on racism anddiscrimination to stop, there has to be a conscious recognition ofthe existence of racism and structural inequality.


Phillips,C. (2011). Institutional racism and ethnic inequalities: an expandedmultilevel framework.&nbspJournalof Social Policy,40 (1), pp. 173–192.

Wise,T. (2003).&nbspWhitesswim in racial preference.[online] Retrieved from:http://www.alternet.org/story/15223/whites_swim_in_racial_preference[Accessed: 17 Feb 2014].