The importance of stability and cohesion in a society cannot be
Theimportance of stability and cohesion in a society cannot be gainsaidas far as the growth and development of the society is concerned.This is especially considering the variations of attitudes, beliefs,likes and preferences of individuals in the contemporary humansociety. Indeed, increased globalization has ensured that people withdifferent attitudes, beliefs and values share an environment andinteract more with each other (Bollinger 22). The peace and stabilityof such a group or society depends on the willingness of the membersto accept the beliefs and behaviors of other people irrespective oftheir variations to their own. This is essentially what tolerance isall about. However, tolerance, like any other aspect of the societyis essentially a dynamic concept whose levels and forms are bound tochange (Castiglione and Catriona 45). Questions, therefore, emerge onhow tolerance the society is today. While there may be differingopinions, it is evident that the current society is significantlymore tolerant today than in the past.
First,there have been changes in the acceptance of people who seem a bitdifferent from the dominant group especially in the world ofpolitics. This is especially with regard to the participation ofminority groups in politics (Cartasev 34). A case in point is theoccupancy of elective posts by individuals from groups that are farfrom being dominant, as is the case for the United States blackpresident Barrack Obama, as well as other individuals from minoritygroups such as Spaniards and Mexicans. This could signal at increasedtolerance especially considering that, not too long ago, the UnitedStates and the world at large could never have imagined that therewas a possibility of such a thing happening as these minority groupswere seen as considerably challenged in terms of intellectualaptitude.
Onthe same note, the society has become more tolerant of disparateideas pertaining to things that were in the past seen as abhorrent.This is especially with regard to issues such as drug and even modesof dressing. In some societies such as Jamaica, the consumption ofmarijuana is seen as a normal occurrence with individuals openlytaking the herb. Unfortunately, this is not the case in the UnitedStates especially considering that individuals, in a large number ofstates could be jailed and even have immense fines slapped on themsimply for being found in possession of marijuana and other herbs(Castiglione and Catriona 34). Nevertheless, recent times have seenan increased acceptance of this herb in a large number of states,with legislations being made to allow the consumption of the same(Bollinger 45). This is also the case with modes of dressing, whereyoung generations have been seen as dressing in ways upon whichindividuals would have frown in the past.
However,there may be some areas where the society is yet to become tolerant.This is especially with regard to religion, more so after theSeptember 11 attacks, where Islam and Muslims in general are seen asviolent individuals who propagate radical ideas in the society. Fora large number of people, it is difficult to even envisage sharingrooms, houses or apartments with Muslims, thanks to this stereotypes(Cartasev 42). This, nevertheless, does not spell doom on tolerancelevels, rather it is a single aspect that was triggered by a tragicevent in the past.
Bollinger,Lee C. TheTolerant Society: Free Speech and Extremist Speech in America.New York: Oxford University Press, 1986. Print.
Cartasev,Sergei. OneWorld: Teaching Tolerance and Participation.New York: International Debate Education Association, 2006. Print
Castiglione,Dario, and Catriona McKinnon. TheCulture of Toleration in Diverse Societies: Reasonable Tolerance.Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2003. Print.