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Psychoanalytic Theory


Dennis Kreinbrook, Ph.D.

1. What is the basic assumption of this theory?

The basic assumption of the full theory of psychoanalysis is aim ofall behaviors is by reducing tension through the act of releasingenergy. This energy usually gives a sense of pleasure. Hedonisticprinciples are what people apply in their functioning especially whenseeking for satisfying gratification of their desires. The endoutcome is always conflicting with the civilization and the societybecause it is against any uncontrolled pleasure satisfaction. Thistheory of psychoanalysis states that the mind of a human being isunder three classifications. The major classifications includeconscious, pre-conscious, and the sub-conscious. Human beings do nothave conscious rule over their complete actions or thoughts.

2. What are the theoretical components of this theory?

Psychoanalytic theory has four components they include the part ofthe mind, three parts of personality, defense mechanisms,psychosexual stages of development, and fixation and regression.Freud discussed that the human mind has three parts. The unconsciouslevel exposes the real person within the known individual. It lackscontrol because it is the portion of the lack of awareness. This partreveals the emotions and feelings as well as the thoughts of aperson. The subconscious part stores or tries to contain thoseundesirable experiences one experience. Freud illustrated that threeelements makeup the character of a person. These elements include theid, ego, and superego. Internal and primary forces are motivatorsbehind the functioning of the id. Reality principle is behind thefunctioning of the ego. The work of the ego is to maintain balancebetween the id and the superego. Morality principle is the motivatorbehind the working of superego. It involves the ability of one tojudge oneself using morals. An individual require ways of protectingoneself. The only way one can maintain the balance of the threepersonalities is by defense mechanisms. Psychosexual stages ofdevelopment involve the progress driven by libido. These processesinclude oral stage, the anal stage, phallic, and the latency stage.The third component of psychoanalysis is regression and fixation.Regression is the experience of one to go back to the childhoodactivities like crying. Fixation occurs when one fails to fulfill anypsychosexual stage of development.

3. Describe the therapy (ies) based on this theory.

Psychoanalytic therapy involves free association, which has somedivisions such as the slips of the tongue and omissions. The othertherapies are the interpretation of dreams, transference analysis,and the resistance analysis shown by an individual.