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PROS AND CONS OF USING BACKUP CAMERA TO IMPROVE ROAD SAFETY

Prosand Cons of Using Backup Camera to Improve Road Safety

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PARTI

Theemerging world is supported by rapid developments in technology. Oneof the innovations made in terms of technology is the backup camerainstalled in cars. Prior to the arrival of this new device, there hadbeen several incidents of stolen cars or stolen items in cars. Inaddition, vehicular accidents present inevitability with over 25percent of these accidents happening as an outcome of backing up. Ofthis number, over 75% accidents could have been prevented with thepresence of backup camera (Tadibrothers.com, 2014).

TheNational Highway Transportation Safety Administration or NHTSA wasdelegated by the Highway Safety Act of 1966 to carry out highwaysafety programs. Further NHTSA is given the responsibility to findmeans to reduce injury and death on highways. Hence, the organizationdevised a technology that will promote safety to all passengers anddrivers. A backup camera is attached to the rear part of the vehicledesigned to alleviate the blind spot.

Vehiclesand trucks are mainly used for entrepreneurial purposes (Thomas &ampJund, 2013). There are vehicles and trucks that are used to transportexpensive goods and at some point anything such as robbery mayhappen. For personal cars, carjacking may take place. Hence, backupcameras are beneficial in conditions such as these. With a backupcamera in place, there will be a solid evidence to present in court.As a result, cases in court will easily be handled because of readydata that makes it possible to seize the individuals who caused thecircumstances in question. This also gives a clear impression thatcases involving vehicles will always be dealt with, within a shorttime, enabling other cases to be dealt with on time, as well. Theseare among the issues affecting individuals who are using vehicles andbackup cameras can be very helpful in solving problems associatedwith them (Bhise, 2011).

Theissues surrounding the implementation of backup camera have beenenormous that it remains to be widely debated at present. On theother hand, the increasing benefits of backup cameras especially inpreventing highway accidents are evident. Thus, security groupscontinue to push for its implementation. As a matter of fact, despitenot being fully implemented yet, there have been some vehicle ownersthat have already purchased backup cameras for their cars and othervehicles. This research hypothesizes that with backup cameras inplace, untoward incidents in cars such as robbery and vehicularaccidents will be prevented.

AudienceCharacteristics

Theaudience for this topic includes stakeholders in the transportindustry such as taxi operating companies, truck companies andindividuals. The major characteristics of the audience for this topicare that they are all involved in the transport sector directly orindirectly. Whether transporting goods, passengers or drivingpersonal cars everyone is vulnerable to attacks, robberies,hijacking and other risks including accidents (Wentland, 2008). Inaddition, the audience has a choice to decide on the use of backupcameras. Despite this not being a recommendation, the audience is notrestricted on installing backup cameras on their trucks or cars. Theaudience also has the decision making power as they can influencetheir legislators to adopt this requirement. This would ensure thesafety of every person on the road.

Theaudience will also include government agencies that include officialsin the transport sector and possibly, officials from the judiciary.Government officials from the transport sector are important becausethey play a part in ensuring that transport is safe and secure. Theofficials also face challenges from those who break traffic rules.So, having cameras installed in cars will help them in capturingthose who break traffic rules. The judiciary is also importantbecause cases that involve breaking of traffic rules and robbery arehandled by the judiciary (Thomas, 2012). So, it is important to bringin the judiciary so that it can also make recommendations on how thisproject will be implemented in the most efficient way while upholdingindividual rights.

Funding

Thisproject will be helpful to everyone in the long run and thus, itrequires joint funding especially from all the stakeholders.Individual vehicle and company owners will be required to install thecameras at their own cost. The government will facilitate thisprocess by lowering the cost of the cameras so as to make themaffordable to the vehicle owners. This will require subsidies on thecameras to make them affordable (Wentland, 2008). This will beapplicable to existing vehicle owners. However, in the future,vehicle manufacturers will be required to install cameras in theirvehicles as a qualification of selling their vehicles in the country.This will ensure that all vehicles are installed with the cameras andthus, compliant with regulations.

Projectimplementation

Thisproject will be undertaken in two major phases. Currently, theexisting cars do not have the cameras. This will mean that once theproject is approved, vehicle owners will be required to install thecameras at their own cost. This ought to be made within two months ofapproval of the project. The second phase will be a governmentdirective that all manufacturers pre- install cameras in theirvehicles before putting them on sale (Thomas, 2012). This will takecare of the future and work towards making it a culture to havecameras installed in vehicles. This will ensure that all cars on theroad are installed with cameras for uniformity and conformity withthe law.

Control

Theproject requires proper control to ensure accountability and so thatit can be effective. The most effective way of handling the system isby having a centralized data backup system that will promoteaccountability. Having different control systems can lead totampering with the data and thus, lead to manipulation (Bhise, 2011).The increase in information technology knowledge has made it possiblefor people to control systems and manipulate them to their advantage.

Costs

Thisproject does not involve a rise in the cost of transport. This isbecause the installation of the system will be done once, and thismeans that there will be no regular costs associated (Wentland,2008). This will prevent an increase in transport costs. Instead, theproject will reduce the cost of compensating damages caused by backupaccidents. The systems eliminate blind spots that lead to dangerousaccidents when drivers are reversing out of the parking or a placewith obstructions that a driver can damage. In the future, cars willhave built-in backup cameras, thereby, making it affordable forcar-owners to own vehicles with rear view systems (Parks, 2011).

Conclusion

Thetransport sector has faced many challenges especially those involvingbackup collision carnage. These challenges can be overcome byinstalling cameras in vehicles so that all incidents are recorded. The backup cameras are unique systems that are designed to helpdrivers gain a good view of the rear side of the car. This impliesthat drivers of large vehicles such as motor homes, passenger trucksand trailers can reverse their vehicles with no risk of running overpeople or property backed approaching behind the car. The policy toregulate the implementation of the backup cameras is still pending inthe US. The NHTSA has delayed the execution of the strategy in orderto give automobile owners and manufacturers a grace period fordeveloping appropriate technology to support this objective. So far,the US government has collected adequate evidence that supports thehypothesis of this research that backup cameras are the ultimatesolution for preventing vehicle reversing carnage for big cars.

PARTII

Asthe backup collision continues to bring about serious carnage thathas attracted the attention of automobile manufacturers and carowners, researchers have found that rear view cameras are the bestsolution for eliminating the rear blind challenge. These videocameras are designed specifically to help drivers of big cars, suchas motor homes and trucks, can see obstructions such as approachingpeople or cars when reversing. The backup cameras differ fromregular video cameras because they give mirror images. This meansthat the left side reflected on the camera is similar to the leftside of the driver. The United States proposed implementation ofCameron Gulbransen Act of 2007, which is still pending. Upon theenactment of this regulation, all automobile owners and manufacturerswill have to attach standard backup cameras for assisting the driversto have a wide view of the rear of vehicles when they are reversingout of a parking or towards a road that may have approaching traffic.

Manyexperienced drivers are vulnerable to causing backup collisions whenreversing in areas with limited space such as car parks. Fortraditional vehicles, the drivers had to look for another person todirect them when controlling vehicles out of parking spaces. This ismainly common for large trailers, which obstructs the visibility ofdrivers. In some cases, a human guide may be unable to direct adriver accurately. However, rear view cameras display a wide view ofthe condition behind vehicles on a screen mounted on the dashboard. The view enables a driver to maneuver the car out of a restrainedplace easily (Hills, 2005).

ReducingAccidents Recurrence

Oneof the significant advantages associated with back up cameras isreduction of the accidents recurrence. Several drivers triggeraccidents because they do not have a clear view of the conditionsbehind their vehicles. Similarly, big cars require extremely accuracywhen maneuvering them out of constricted areas such as parking space(Hills, 2005). The regions behind cars are notoriously associatedwith the carnage since drivers often collide with approaching carswhen reversing in some cases, property, pets, and people walking orstanding behind cars lost lives after drivers accidentally crashed onthem after reversing (Raum, 2008). These cameras can reducerecurrence of accidents because some car manufacturers mount theirvehicles with night-vision enabled systems such that they cansupplement clarity when automobile reversing lights do not provideefficient illumination.

Economicgain

Accordingto Wentland (2008), insurance companies spend approximately 35% oftheir payouts compensating their clients’ damages caused by backupcollision. Recent research in the automobile industry indicates thatdrivers can lessen accidents by more than 25% if they have backupcameras. Although the cost of installing the cameras in the cars thatwere manufactured some years back might be high, the value for thecameras will be worth, as they will significantly reduce the risks ofvehicles getting involved in accidents (Michelson et al., 2003).Moreover, the government is giving subsidies on the backup cameras tomake them affordable to many people. On the other hand, backupcameras’ manufacturers have designed a big collection of thesystems in order to ensure that drivers will find appliances thatwill suit their needs and budget. Some cars come with built-insystems thereby, drivers do not have to spend extra money mountingthe applications (Raum, 2008).

Insome cases, car owners have been compelled to spend much money torepair either their vehicles or other people’s property aftercrashing on it accidentally. Fortunately, the latest rear viewcameras give a wide and clear appearance of the reverse space,including, in dark areas. The night-vision enabled systems collectclear improve accuracy of drivers (Michelson et al., 2003).

SystemVariety

Thebackup cameras come in diverse forms that suit both vehicles withbasic installation features as well as, cars with no preinstalledprograms. For example, the license-plate models allow car owners tomount permanent cameras without having to conduct significantmodification on the car. Some manufacturers are making Rear-CameraDisplays with ability to establish activities happening behind thevehicle. For example, they can warn the driver when they riskcolliding with an approaching vehicle. Although the United Statespassed an Act in 2007 to supervise the implementation of the proposalthat required the state to make it compulsory for all drivers andmanufacturers to install backup cameras (Raum, 2008).

Conclusion

Backupcameras are the ultimate solution for preventing vehicle reversingcarnage for big cars as they give drivers a clear view of theenvironment behind the car. The cameras attached on the cars differfrom standard video-recording appliances in that they give mirrorimages. This means that the left side of the image as seen on thescreen is the same with that of a driver and vice-versa. Somecameras have night visions while others come with high-end controltechniques that allow drivers to tilt and adjust the angle of view totheir advantage. Moreover, others are designed for permanentinstallation into cars with no initial modification to accommodatethe systems. Recently, all the cars come with inbuilt camera systemsthus carowners do not have to spend extra costs installing the systems.

PARTIII

Manyvehicular models possess a huge amount of added features. Onebeneficial feature is the backup camera designed to enhance drivervisibility at the rear part of the car. This paper hypothesizes thatwhile backup cameras have advantageous features, it has a fewdisadvantages as well.

Abackup camera provides the driver visibility at the rear portion ofthe vehicle. A small-sized camera is hardly visible in the rearwindow. It is attached to the vehicle discreetly. Such feature isunique to a number of cars. The basic cameras constructed into modelsare clear-cut. However, despite its handiness, the backup camera isnot completely essential.

Backupcameras are handy yet some of these backup cameras are not made ofgood quality. Visibility becomes even trickier at night or duringrainy days. Further, calculating distances on the monitor becomesdifficult. Other drivers report difficulty because of insufficientguidelines.

Backupcameras dislike bad weather

Drivershave been reliant on the use of backup cameras. These cameras comewith a mirror or dashboard screen. Not only do these cameras presentthe way when backing up, these are also widely recognized for itsability to promote safety on the road, thereby saving people’slives. However, backup cameras do not work well during winterweather. Subzero temperatures can cause distortion of images on themonitor or dashboard screens. Regardless of the brand, backup camerasdo not work well during rainy or winter weather. Some ownerscomplained about having foggy or blurry images as well as faint linesacross the screen particularly when temperatures are frigid.

Roadsalt, slush, and snow and all other grimes that tend to accumulate onvehicles in the snowy parts of the United States can make backupcamera seem useless. Even with a drop of rain on the lens which ismounted above the license plate can produce blurry images.

Solution

Onesolution to clear the images is for drivers to go out of the car andwipe the lens which can take time and can be difficult to accomplishparticularly during heavy downpour. Until manufacturers produce acamera with its own self-cleaning features, motorists will do thecleaning of backup cameras in an old fashion procedure. Some driversrecommend coating the lens of the camera using a hydrophobic fluid asa method of keeping slush and snow from clinging to the camera lens.It is also advisable to apply hydrophobic fluid at over 40 degreesFahrenheit.

SmallScreen

Whiledashboard or monitor screens of backup cameras are easy to setup,they are rather small. Motorists claim that backup cameras can onlybe used to assess the rear view of the car but should not be made asa standard instrument to guide the way of the car during backing up.Further, there is also a problem with backup cameras during nighttime because it does not allow the driver to see the back view of thecar. The image that appears on the dashboard screen is dark.

Solution

Manufacturersof backup cameras must find a way to produce a technology thatprovides light on the road and on cameras during night time. In thisway, images on the dashboard or monitor screen still remains clear.

Conclusion

Backupcameras are the latest in technology that are believed to improveroad safety. However, there are still several issues surrounding theeffectiveness of backup cameras especially during night time and coldweather or rainy season. Unless these issues are given interventions,the efficiency of backup cameras remains questionable.

References

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Hills,L. (2005). Thecamera.Mankato, Minn: Capstone Press.

Ksla.com.(2014).&nbspConsumerreport: back up cameras.[online] Retrieved from:http://www.ksla.com/story/6367190/consumer-report-back-up-cameras[Accessed: 15 Mar 2014].

Michelson,A., Allen, R., &amp Turvey, M. (2003). Cameraobscura, camera lucida: Essays in honor of Annette Michelson.Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press.

Raum,E. (2008). Thehistory of the camera.Chicago, IL: Heinemann Library.

Parks,D. (2011). Automotivewiring : a practical guide to wiring your hot rod or custom car.Minneapolis, MN: MBI Pub. Company.

Tadibrothers.com.(2014).&nbspBackupcamera system.[online] Retrieved from:http://www.tadibrothers.com/backup-camera/backup-camera-system[Accessed: 14 Mar 2014].

Thomas,W. (2012). Thebasics of project evaluation and lessons learned.Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press.

Wentland,K. (2008). Fordflexes back: changing the U.S. auto industry from deep within thetrenches.New York: Strategic Book Pub.