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FinalExam Essay on Course Textbooks: Rowe and Renz

FinalExam Essay on Course Textbooks: Rowe and Renz

Historically,what role have nonprofits played in American society?

Therole non-profits in the American society cannot be underrated. Thenon-profits functions are largely social and do not focus on theprofits. The non-profits have had a great impact on the Americansociety (Budrys, 2013). The role of the non-profit organizations hasbeen to help the less fortunate or the disadvantaged in society suchas the elderly and orphans. The non-profit organizations have alsohelped develop the culture of volunteering in the American society.It is evident that by the 1900s, little was known about non-profitorganizations and their roles. Their inception of the organizationstaught the American populace a different form of contributing to thewelfare of the society through volunteering as staff.

Inaddition, the non-profit organizations also attracted funding andsupport from various stakeholders in the society. Such stakeholdersmay include the government, donors and other members of the society.The non-profits can be said to have played a positive role in thehistory of the American society (Budrys, 2013). Their mission isclear that they seek to improve the lifestyles of the disadvantagedin the society. The non-profit organizations offer support to thesedisadvantaged people in the society hence changing their lives. It isalso vital to point out that the nonprofits have also createdemployment to the historical American society. It is evident that therate of employment in the nonprofit sector was as low as 1% in the1990s, but that figure has risen to over 3% (Budrys, 2013). This isan indication that the nonprofits have both offered support to thedisadvantaged and provided a source of income to numerous people.

Given21st century conditions (e.g., social, demographic, environmental,technological, economic, political), what role do you envisionnonprofits playing in American society?

Itis evident that the environment in which the nonprofits operated inthe past has changed drastically. This is in terms of demographics,technology, social and economic states. As a consequence, thenonprofits must keep in line with their philosophy of achieving theirmission. For instance, with the advanced levels of technology, thenonprofits have an opportunity to reach more people in a short andconvenience manner as opposed to how they used to operate before(Budrys, 2013). The economic status has also been changing overtimeand donors and supporters continue to reduce or offer little support.As a consequence, nonprofit organizations are finding it hard toreach more disadvantaged people in the society. However, in this 21stcentury, the nonprofit organizations still continue to offer jobopportunities to the thousands of Americans. The nonprofits mustenvision offering services to more people due to the increased numberof needy people in society. The nonprofits must also offerdevelopmental support to the government of the United States. Thiscan be achieved through provision of information on the needs of thepeople on the ground. The 21stcentury NPOs must also be the voice of the people in the society(Budrys, 2013). In other words, besides providing goods and servicesto the needy people, the nonprofits must be their voice to thegovernment. The voice of the people might be opinions to policymakers, which might be influential in the policies that thegovernment adopts.

Describethe environment (i.e., social, legal, economic, political, andorganizational) in which nonprofits must operate

Thenonprofits operate in an environment that is competitive both fromother nonprofits and from for profit organizations. They must competeto remain relevant and credible in the society. From the economicaspect, the nonprofits must compete for funding from donors,government and other stakeholders. The nonprofits are operating at atime that the resources and the economy are on a downward trend. Thismeans only one thing, that the nonprofit organizations’ managementmust utilize the resources available efficiently while keeping themission and the philosophy of the organization in mind (Renz,2011).The community is ripe with expectations from the nonprofitorganizations for them to deliver on their missions. In other words,the support and the space that the nonprofit organizations receivefrom the public, depends on the distinctiveness of their roles in thesociety.

Thenonprofits operate in a legal context that is distinct or differentfrom other for profit organizations. The nonprofits receive specialtreat in the legal context such exempt from tax. However, it is vitalto note that the nonprofits must adhere to certain rules andregulations. For instance, for an organization to qualify as anonprofit organization in the United States, it must be engagingitself in charitable activities and social activities that supportthe disadvantaged in the society (Renz,2011).This is the generally accepted legal context of NPOs across theworld. However, it is vital to note that these laws are subject tospecific countries and might change according to country. On thepolitical environment of the nonprofits, it is evident from thecourse materials and research that NPOs comprise of numerousstakeholders who give opinions and expectations. As a result, themanagement of the NPOs must remain firm and sensitive to politicalinfluence and external forces (Renz,2011).The management must strike a balance amongst the divergentexpectations of the various stakeholders.

Giventhis environment, what are some of the challenges and opportunitiesthat nonprofits face and how can they respond to these challenges andopportunities to responsibly (i.e., accountability), effectively, andefficiently fulfill their missions?

Dueto the donor and funding sources that NPOs receive, the greatestchallenge that they receive is that of accountability and meeting theexpectations of the stakeholders (Renz,2011).For instance, if the nonprofits receive support from the government,it will demand accountability. As a response, the managementnonprofits must be accountable and deliver on the expectations of thestakeholders. The nonprofits also face the challenge of financing. Itis evident from research that the number of donors and financier hasgone down drastically (Renz,2011).Therefore, the nonprofits must work and operate with the littlefinances they have in a bid to achieve their mission. The nonprofitsare also facing stiff competition from the other nonprofits and forprofit organizations credibility and opportunities to provide goodsand services. This calls for strategic management from the nonprofitsto be able to thrive effectively in the competitive market. Lastly,the nonprofits are facing the challenge of the evolving technologyand social media (Renz,2011).The stakeholders are demanding the nonprofits to adopt the technologyin its communication and responsiveness. It is evident that thenonprofits can adopt the technology, which might be of significantimportance towards the management of the organizations.

Whatare the responsibilities of boards and executives in the governanceof nonprofits?

Therole of the board and the executive in nonprofits is not to manage,but to provide counsel to the staff. They are tasked with theresponsibility of formulating policies and developing theorganization’s strategic plan for the future (Tschirhart &ampBielefeld, 2012). It is vital to point out that the directors and theexecutive are not involved in the day to day running of theorganization. It is, however, critical to note that a member of theboard may choose to be involved the running and management of acertain sector of the organization. Such involvements in themanagement of the organization are, however, temporary.

Whatrole do boards and executives play in managing (strategic management,stakeholder analysis, financial management) and leading nonprofits(ethics, innovation, organizational vision, collaboration, strategicpartnerships)?

Itis the responsibility of the board and the executive to approve theannual budget after assessing the allocation of the available funds.In the strategic management responsibility of the board and theexecutive, they offer advice to the staff in the managementpositions. The board and the executive may select a committee thatcarries out financial analysis and planning for the organization(Hopkins,2013).They also develop the strategic future plan of the organization henceparticipate the organization’s vision. Lastly, the board and theexecutive have the discrete mandate to analyze the stakeholders inthe organization (Hopkins,2013).They have the responsibility of selecting the entities that qualifyto be part of the organization.

Howdo effective marketing, strategic communication, program evaluation,performance measurement, and human resources management contribute tononprofits success at fulfilling their missions?

Thesuccess of any nonprofit organization is dependent on variousfactors. To start with, the organization must ensure that its goodsand service are well marketed. As covered earlier in the analysis ofprevious chapters, the organization must adopt various marketingstrategies such as electronic media, posters and the social media.This form of marketing will be critical in the success and theattainment of the organization’s mission (Renz, 2011). Anothervital aspect which determines the success of nonprofit organizationsis communication. Analysis of earlier chapters indicated thatnonprofit organizations comprise of numerous stakeholders who must beprovided information regarding the organization when it arises. Thedonors and the other entities that provide funds must be informed onthe progress and the achievements of the organizational goals(Hopkins,2013).This goes a long way in ensuring that such there is continuousfunding, which clearly helps in the attainment of the organization’smission.

Thenonprofits must evaluate their programs to ensure that they deservethe funding. The management of the organization has theresponsibility of ensuring that the programs deliver results thathelp the organization achieve its mission successfully. Performancemanagement is the aspect of evaluating the overall performance of theorganization towards achieving its mission (Hopkins,2013).This is vital in that it ensure that the operations and activities ofthe organization are aligned accordingly in order to achieve itsmission. The human resource of any organization forms the core of thesuccess. It is paramount to have an effective human resourcemanagement system that ensures that all employees of the nonprofitorganization perform optimally (Hopkins,2013).Human resource management also involves the remuneration of theemployees, which ensures that they are extremely motivated in orderfor them to contribute towards the achievement of the organization’sgoals.


Budrys,G. (2013). How nonprofits work: Case studies in nonprofitorganizations. Lanham: Rowman &amp Littlefield Publishers.

Hopkins,B. R. (2013). Startingand managing a nonprofit organization: A legal guide. Hoboken: Wiley.

Renz,O. (2011). The future of nonprofit leadership and management.Handbookof nonprofit leadership and management.Pdf

Tschirhart,M., &amp Bielefeld, W. (2012). Managingnonprofit organizations.San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.